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Briefly describe various types of corporate bonds.

State the basic bond valuation formula.

State the valuation formula for a bond which pays interest semi-annually.

What is the relationship between bond price and time?

Explain and illustrate the following yield measures: current yield, yield to maturity, yield to call, and realised yield to maturity.

State and illustrate the formula to find the approximate YTM on a bond.

Discuss the risks which debt instruments are subject to.

What is the meaning of debt rating?

Discuss the functions of debt rating.

Describe the key features of the methodology used for debt rating.

What symbols are employed by CRISIL for rating debentures?

What is a yield curve?

How would you calculate the forward interest rates?

Discuss the following theories: expectations theory, liquidity preference theory, and preferred habitat theory.

Discuss the key determinants of interest rates.

Explain the method for valuing a debenture that is compulsorily convertible (partially or fully) into equity shares.

Show how the value of an optionally convertible debenture is influenced by its straight debenture value, its conversion value, and its option value.

A Rs 100 par value bond bearing a coupon rate of 12 percent will mature after five years. What is the value of the bond, if the discount rate is 15 percent ?